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Social Work Theories And Methods Essays

Essay about Task Centered Approach in Social Work

4831 WordsFeb 1st, 201120 Pages

The purpose for this assignment is to highlight the main features of one social worker method. Within this essay, I will include social work intervention prior to the introduction of task-centred practice. This will provide an insight in to why task-centred methods were introduced. I will also portray the strengths and weaknesses of task-centred practice. The essay will also depict the underlying theory that underpins task-centred practice in relation to social work. I will endeavour to critically analyse the effectiveness of this approach. I will then compare this approach with crisis intervention and provide an analysis of the similarities between them. Throughout this assignment I will incorporate anti-discriminative and anti-oppressive…show more content…

He states that the task centred model is “ a basis for learning about the world and being accepted within it.”
The basics of this method focus on problem-solving and short-term application. As Ford and Postle (1998, pg 52) suggest
‘The approach is designed to help in the resolution of difficulties that people experience in interacting with their social situations, where internal feelings of discomfort are associated with events in the external world’.
This statement may confirm that task-centred can be applied in most settings or interactions with any clients. Although some research evidence suggests it should only be used specifically in the following problem solving areas:
· Conflict within families or work related situations
· Young adults find themselves alone or away from home
· Problems with dealing with organisations
· Dealing with new roles, becoming a parent, new relationships
· Problems moving from one role or situation to another
· Illness or bereavement
· Unable to access material resources
· Behavioural problems
Reid cited in Ford and Postle, (2000)
As a social worker dealing with any of the above situations, I would suggest that it is not the duty of the social worker to take responsibility for the clients’ problems. The problem must be recognised by the client in order for the social worker to work in collaboration with him/her Coulshed & Orme (1998). However, since being placed at

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perspective is that, while no particular theory is implicitly comprehensive; objectivelyapplied, any theory can prove contextually appropriate.However, Payne, (1997, p. 36) asserts that theories are most effective whencombined and that in isolation, “the theory’s value is vitiated” Indeed incontemporary complex and dynamic society with corresponding heterogeneity in itssocial problems, theory triangulation (combining theories) is essential to better understand, explain and address the myriads of interrelated problems that is

‘social work 

’. The very use of theory in social work per se is indispensible in establishingsome degree of rationality in what would otherwise be a chaotic occurrence.

Reasons for choosing particular theories

Argued on appropriateness rather than convenience; the ‘

Psychodynamic theory 

by Freud and the ‘

 Attachment theory 

by ‘Bowlby’ in particular; and the systemtheory in general seem most applicable to this case study. This preference is basedon the premise that family and relationship problems may be rooted in ineffectivepersonality developmental childhoods. Within this context, Thomas and Pierson,(1999, p.302) state that, “the psychodynamic approach views the adultPERSONALITY as product of childhood development” Similarly, Payne, (1997, p.79) states that “the important focus on social work on childhood and earlyrelationships and maternal deprivation comes from psychodynamics theory” Indeed,Lishman, (2003, p. 14) suggests the use of the attachment theory in cases of relationship and dysfunctional family situations because it seems to appropriatelyexplain behavioural and relationship problems as typical of this case. Thesuggestion here is that, Mr A’s drinking, gambling, aggression with associatedviolence; and Mrs A’s indiscriminate spending could be consequential of their deficient or ineffective childhood developments. Additionally, according to Payne,(1997, p. 291) both theories provide comprehensive models “that claim to offer asystem of thought to cover all the practice social workers might want to undertake”Payne, (1997, p.291). Additionally, Wood and Hollis, (1990, p. 9) perceivepsychodynamic theory as inseparable from family therapy. It is the combination of these arguments, capped with my critical judgement that has influenced the choice

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